Maritime heath and hard cliffs


Flora & Fauna:

The plants and animals listed here are the ones most typical for these habitats and the ones you are most likely to encounter when visiting the area. The list is by no means complete and subject to ongoing observation and research.


Flora & Fauna Maritime Heath:


  • Snipe (Gallinago gallinago); resident

  • Skylark (Alauda arvensis); resident

  • Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis); resident

  • Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe); summer visitor


  • Irish Hare (Lepus timidus hibernicus)

Flowering Plants:

  • European gorse (Ulex europaeus); O

  • Bell heather (Erica cinerea); A

  • Ling (Calluna vulgaris); A

  • Cross Leaved Heath (Erica tetralix); A

  • Kidney Vetch (Anthyllis vulneraria); O

  • Early Marsh Orchid (Dactylorhiza incarnata / cruenta); O

  • Lousewort (Pedicularis sylvatica); F

  • Milkwort (Polygala serpyllifolia); F

  • Common Dog Violet (Viola riviniana); O

  • Tormentil (Potentilla anglica); F

  • Common Bird’s Foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus); F

  • White Clover (Trifolium repens); O

  • Glaucous Sedge (Carex flacca); F


  • Cladonia impexa


  • Brown Lipped Snail (Cepaea nemoralis)

  • Green Shield Bug (Palomena prasine)

  • Ground Beetle (Pterostichus madidus)


Flora & Fauna Hard Cliffs:


  • Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis); summer visitor

  • Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla); summer visitor

  • Guillemot (Uria aalge); summer visitor

  • Razorbill (Alca torda); summer visitor

  • Herring Gull (Larus argentatus); resident

  • Greater Black Backed Gull (Larus marinus); resident

  • Lesser Black Backed Gull (Larus fuscus); resident

  • Shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis); resident

  • Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax); resident

  • Raven (Corvus corax); resident

  • Rock Dove (Columba livia); resident

  • Starling (Sturnus vulgaris); summer visitor

  • Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus); resident

Flowering Plants:

  • Scurvy Grass (Cochlearia officinalis); F

  • Thrift (Armeria maritima); F

  • Sea Plantain (Plantago maritima); F

  • Kidney Vetch (Anthyllis vulneraria); F

  • Sea Campion (Silene uniflora); F

  • Sea Aster (Tripolium pannonicum); F

  • Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis); O

  • Wild Thyme (Thymus polytrichus); O

  • Common Centaury (Centaurium erythraea); O

  • English Stonecrop (Sedum anglicum); R


  • Sea Ivory (Ramalina siliquosa)

  • Yellow Scales Lichen (Xanthoria parietina)

  • Crab-Eye Lichen (Ochrolechia parella)


Abundance Key:

Dominant (D) – species that cover more than 2/3 of the habitat

Abundant (A) – species that that cover 1/3 -2/3 of the habitat

Frequent (F) – species that are obvious but don’t dominate the habitat

Occasional (O) – species with only few individuals in the habitat

Rare (R) – species with only one or two individuals in the habitat